In , the Swiss Confederacy conquered Thurgau , Konstanz's natural hinterland. By the late Middle Ages , about one quarter of Konstanz's 6, inhabitants were exempt from taxation on account of clerical rights. The remains of the late Roman fortress Constantia were discovered in Trade thrived during the Middle Ages. Soon the city declared itself officially Protestant , pictures were removed from the churches, and the bishop temporarily moved to Meersburg , a small town across the lake. Around 40 AD, the first Romans settled on the site. This small town on the left bank of the Rhine was probably first called Drusomagus and belonged to the Roman province of Raetia. In , the Bishopric of Constance was dissolved and became part of the Archdiocese of Freiburg. Close by stands the Imperia , a statue that was erected in to satirically commemorate the Council.
North of the river lies the larger part of the city with residential areas, industrial estates, and the University of Konstanz; while south of the river is the old town, which houses the administrative centre and shopping facilities in addition to the Hochschule or the University of Applied Sciences. The city left all its lights on at night, and thus fooled the bombers into thinking it was actually part of Switzerland. Soon the city declared itself officially Protestant , pictures were removed from the churches, and the bishop temporarily moved to Meersburg , a small town across the lake. The city became part of the Grand Duchy of Baden in By the late Middle Ages , about one quarter of Konstanz's 6, inhabitants were exempt from taxation on account of clerical rights. In , the Bishopric of Constance was dissolved and became part of the Archdiocese of Freiburg. The Rhine river, which starts in the Swiss Alps , passes through Lake Constance and leaves it, considerably larger, by flowing under a bridge connecting the two parts of the city. This small town on the left bank of the Rhine was probably first called Drusomagus and belonged to the Roman province of Raetia. It was here that the Papal Schism was ended and Pope Martin V was elected during the only conclave ever held north of the Alps. The city first followed the Tetrapolitan Confession , and then the Augsburg Confession. Konstanz became part of the German Empire in during the unification of Germany. The new Habsburg rulers were eager to re-Catholicise the town and in a Jesuit College was opened. Konstanz then made an attempt to get admitted to the Swiss Confederacy, but the forest cantons voted against its entry, fearing over-bearing city states; Konstanz then joined the Swabian League instead. Wards of Konstanz Schnetztor, a section of the former city wall. The island of Mainau belonged to the ward of Litzelstetten, a separate municipality until its incorporation into Konstanz on December 1, Subdivisions[ edit ] Konstanz is subdivided into 15 wards or districts Stadtteile. Its later name, originally Constantia, comes either from the Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus , who fought the Alemanni in the region and built a strong fortress around AD, or from his grandson Constantius II , who visited the region in Konstanz was the birthplace of Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin , constructor of the famous Zeppelin airships. The remains of the late Roman fortress Constantia were discovered in Especially since , the university, being one of the nine German universities most successful in the German Universities Excellence Initiative , has gained considerable reputation as a so-called "elite university". Swiss shoppers returning to their home country from Konstanz on weekends In the late s, Konstanz has become a popular destination for Einkaufstourism, or cross-border shopping by Swiss due to lower prices on basic items in Germany, a favorable exchange rate between the Swiss franc and the euro , and a generous German VAT refund for non- European Union residents. Thus Konstanz lost its status as an imperial city. Its accompanying theatre, built in , is the oldest theatre in Germany still performing regularly. Memorial to the murdered Jews of Konstanz On 22 October , of the last Jewish residents were deported to Gurs internment camp in France. The Altstadt Old Town , which is large considering the small size of modern Konstanz, has many old buildings and twisting alleys. The University of Konstanz was established close to the town in Its linen production had made an international name for the city and it was prosperous.
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